• 14-March-2014

    English

    Budgeting and Monitoring of Personnel Costs (SIGMA Paper No. 11, 1997)

    This publication is the product of a seminar on budgeting and controlling personnel costs which SIGMA organised in March 1996 in Paris. Drawing in particular on the experience of EU Member countries, the seminar enabled participants to compare different types of budgeting and monitoring, their respective advantages and disadvantages, as well as their prerequisites regarding institutions and procedures.

  • 14-March-2014

    English

    Country Profiles of Civil Service Training Systems (SIGMA Paper No. 12, 1997)

    The information contained in this report is essential to the efforts by countries in transition, working in collaboration with the donor community, to develop demand-driven training strategies, efficient structures for civil service training, and cost-effective and sustainable training activities. It is the product of a project which SIGMA started in autumn 1995.

  • 14-March-2014

    English

    Civil Service Legislation: Checklist on Secondary Legislation (SIGMA Paper No. 14, 1997)

    This checklist is intended to supplement the Civil Service Legislation Contents Checklist, SIGMA Paper No. 5, 1996. The present checklist deals with matters that can usefully be considered in connection with the secondary instruments that may be needed to implement the Civil Service Act enacted by the Parliament.

  • 14-March-2014

    English

    Public Service Training Systems in OECD Countries (SIGMA Paper No. 16, 1997)

    This short paper is meant to point out the determining components of training systems, and advantages and disadvantages of possible solutions as they were developed in OECD countries, in order to assist countries in central and eastern Europe to set up a sound training system, while avoiding mistakes already experienced in OECD countries.

  • 13-March-2014

    English

    Promoting Performance and Professionalism in the Public Service (SIGMA Paper No. 21, 1997)

    This report is on human resources management practices in the public administrations of four central and eastern European countries: Albania, Estonia, Hungary and Poland. It is based on information from 1996, and its focus is on public personnel management systems, management procedures and management practices and how they either support or hinder professionalism and appropriate conduct.

  • 28-February-2014

    English

    Conflict-of-Interest Policies and Practices in Nine EU Member States: A Comparative Review (SIGMA Paper No. 36, 2005)

    This paper provides descriptive data and an analytical overview of approaches to managing conflicts of interest in the public sector of nine European countries — France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom. It also provides some conclusions that are worth taking into account when reforming policies and instruments to improve regulations and practices on conflict of interest.

  • 12-February-2014

    English

    Political Advisors and Civil Servants in European Countries (SIGMA Paper No. 38, 2007)

    While defining appropriate roles for political advisers is a highly relevant topic in most democracies and especially in EU non member States, as well as candidate and CARDS countries today, surprisingly little comparative information exists.

  • 12-February-2014

    English

    Sustainability of Civil Service Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe Five Years After EU Accession (SIGMA Paper No. 44, 2009)

    This paper examines the fate of civil service reforms that Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries undertook to prepare themselves for the EU accession that took place in May 2004 (5th EU enlargement).

  • 12-February-2014

    English

    Civil Service Professionalisation in the Western Balkans (SIGMA Paper No. 48, 2012)

    This report examines the professionalisation of the civil service in seven Western Balkan states: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia , Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia.

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  • 11-February-2013

    English, PDF, 660kb

    Ethics Training for Public Officials (Francisco Cardona, SIGMA, OECD anti-corruption network, February 2013)

    The study analyses existing approaches for ethics training in Eastern Europe and Central Asian countries and selected OECD member countries. It proposes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of ethics training, which can be used by countries when they develop their own ethics training for public officials.

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