Monitoring Reports


SIGMA has carried out reviews against the Principles of Public Administration in EU candidate countries and potential candidates since 2015. Since 2017, these reviews have been carried out based on the Methodological Framework for the Principles of Public Administration. This framework provides an accurate and balanced measure of each Principle, ensuring systematic focus on implementation.

These reviews analyse performance against standard benchmarks and performance criteria, establishing both the state of play at a point in time and the subsequent progress made towards the standards for good governance and requirements for successful European integration, as set out in the Principles and its indicators. Regional comparisons and detailed and sequenced recommendations for reform are provided. The reviews feed into the European Commission's annual progress reports and its programming of technical assistance. They also provide SIGMA partners with data and analysis to inform their own reform activities.

In 2021, Monitoring Reports covering the full scope of the Principles were prepared for Albania, Kosovo*, Montenegro, the Republic of North Macedonia and Serbia. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the analysis focused on three areas in 2021 (policy development, accountability and part of public financial management) and the remaining areas were examined and added to the report in 2022. Information on related bilateral events is available on this dedicated page. SIGMA also prepared a Regional overview and thematic summaries of the 2021 Monitoring Reports: Strategic framework of PAR I Policy development and co-ordination I Public service and human resource management I Accountability I Service delivery I Public financial management




2021 (Summary) I 2019 I 2017


2019 (Baseline Measurement Report)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2022 (Summary) I 2017


2018 (Baseline Measurement Report)


2021 (Summary) I 2019 I 2017

Republic of Moldova

2023 English I Romanian


2021 (Summary) I 2019 I 2017

Republic of North Macedonia

2021 (Summary) I 2019 I 2017


2021 (Summary) I 2019 I 2017


2019 I 2017  


2018 (Baseline Measurement Report) English I Ukrainian

2023 English I Ukrainian 🆕



Assessments for 2012, 2013 and 2014 and Monitoring Reports for 2015 and 2016 are available on this page.

‌* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on Kosovo’s declaration of independence.


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