• 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 418kb

    Contract Modifications (Policy brief No. 38, September 2016, Macedonian)

    It is not generally permitted for a contracting authority and an economic operator to agree to change an existing contract. The terms of the concluded contract should reflect the commitments made in the offer that was selected as the most economically advantageous. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 313kb

    Subcontracting (Policy brief No. 37, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Subcontracting occurs when an economic operator that has been awarded a public contract entrusts another entity with the performance of part of the works or services that are the subject matter of that contract. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 394kb

    Audit of Procurement (Policy brief No. 28, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief aims to give guidance to auditors dealing with public procurement processes. Based on audit experience, it examines the stages that are worth looking at and explains why. It highlights those aspects that are recommended to be considered in more detail. It also gives advice as to which documents the auditor is suggested to scrutinise in order to find evidence.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 361kb

    Procurement Tools (Policy brief No. 11, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief focuses on three specific modern types of procurement tools: framework agreements, electronic auctions and dynamic purchasing systems. EU Member States have the option of deciding whether or not to implement provisions permitting these procurement tools.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 376kb

    Division of Contracts into Lots (Policy brief No. 36, September 2016, Macedonian)

    One of the main choices in public procurement is to determine whether the works, supplies or services that are the subject matter of the procurement are to be acquired by using one contract or by using a number of separate contracts or lots, which may be awarded and performed by different economic operators. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 338kb

    Abnormally Low Tenders (Policy brief No. 35, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Contracting authorities may argue that the least expensive offer ensures the achievement of the important financial goal of budgetary savings. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 360kb

    Life-cycle Costing (Policy brief No. 34, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This procurement brief explains what the life-cycle costing methodology means and the advantages of using this approach. It highlights the key provisions in the Public Procurement EU Directive that set out the legal framework for taking life-cycle costs into account in the various stages of the procurement process.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 373kb

    Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 33, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This procurement brief describes measures at the EU level aimed at ensuring that contracting authorities take full advantage of the potential of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in their procurement activities.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 456kb

    What are the Public Procurement Procedures and When Can They Be Used? (Policy brief No. 10, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief gives an overview of the main competitive procedures available for contracting authorities under EU law. The Brief gives guidance on choosing which procedure to use, presenting good practice and examples. Finally, it gives a summary on the derogations from the obligation to publish a contract notice and use a competitive process.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 349kb

    Tender Evaluation and Contract Award (Policy brief No. 9, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief presents the key principles governing the process of evaluation of tenders, the role and operation of an evaluation panel, the clarification process as well as the choice of the best tender on the basis of the lowest price and the choice of the best tender on the basis of the most economically advantageous tender criterion. The Brief also includes good practice notes and practical examples.

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