• 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 352kb

    Defence Procurement (Policy brief No. 23, September 2016, Macedonian)

    SIGMA brief 23 gives a short overview of the particular characteristics of defence procurement and how defence procurement is organised in the European Union. It also gives an overview of the regulatory framework of the European Union with special attention to the Defence and Security Directive (2009/81/EC). It also covers some other linking issues such as offsets and parallel regimes.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 447kb

    Detecting and Correcting Common Errors in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 29, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief gives a short overview of the issue of common errors in public procurement. For the purposes of the brief, errors are understood as infringements of public procurement rules and principles, regardless of the stage of the procedure. It analyses the types of errors and their impact on the results of the public procurement procedure.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 318kb

    Contract Management (Policy brief No. 22, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Contracts are frequently complex, may involve multiple actors, may last a long time and may consume many resources. It is therefore vital that they are properly managed. SIGMA Brief 22 first describes the process of contract management and then presents contract management in practice and post-contract performance review.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 341kb

    Central Purchasing Bodies (Policy brief No. 20, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief focuses on Central Purchasing Bodies that base their operations on the awarding and use of centralised framework agreements. It also discusses the key operational issues for these bodies. Finally the brief presents important “lessons learnt” as well as risk and success factors.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 346kb

    Performance Measurement (Policy brief No. 21, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief explains the rationale for measuring performance in public procurement, the benefits of effective performance management and also gives guidance on how to measure performance. Finally, it sets out some examples of methodologies which could be used to determine performance at different levels of the public procurement system.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 299kb

    What is a Contracting Authority? (Policy brief No. 3, September 2016, Macedonian)

    The public procurement Directives only apply if a body is a contracting authority within the definition of the Directives. This brief gives guidance on the notion of a contracting authority/entity under the directives (especially the concept of “a body governed by public law”). It also analyses whether a contracting authority can participate in joint purchasing or central purchasing.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 322kb

    Framework Agreements (Policy brief No. 19, September 2016, Macedonian)

    SIGMA brief 19 aims to give guidance on several issues of framework agreements such as whether framework agreements are suitable for all purchasing, when and how a framework agreement must be advertised, what procedure is used for procuring a framework agreement, or what the duration of a framework agreement is.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 350kb

    Economic Issues in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 2, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Effective procurement strategies, which control costs and streamline processes, are vital to all contracting authorities. Pursuing the best value-for-money in public procurement, while keeping the process management costs down, requires several crucial decisions. A number of closely interlinked economic factors come in to play in these decisions. This brief aims to provide practical guidance regarding these decisions.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 327kb

    Public Procurement in the EU (Policy brief No. 1, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief provides a description of the legal framework of the EU public procurement system: two “procedural” Directives for the public sector (2004/18/EC) and for the utilities sector (2004/17/EC), and two other “remedies” Directives (89/66/EEC, 92/13/EEC, both amended by Directive 2007/66/EC). Additionally, Directive 2009/81/EC applies to the procurement of military supplies, works and services.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 390kb

    In-house Procurement and Public/Public Co-operation (Policy brief No. 39, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This public procurement brief explains to what extent and in which conditions a contracting authority is free to apply in-house exceptions without breaching the public procurement rules.

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