• 30-April-2013

    Arabic, PDF, 5,146kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 1: Top Management Service in Central Government (1995, Arabic)

    This publication aims to provide practical input to countries which are conducting the necessary analyses and preparing decisions. Indeed, development of a top management service is a task which must be undertaken in countries choosing to adopt such a service, taking into account national objectives and preconditions.

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  • 7-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 873kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 46: The Right to Open Public Administrations in Europe: Emerging Legal Standards (2011, Arabic)

    The aim of this paper is to explore the most problematic aspects of information access legal regimes and to provide some guidelines to policy makers, including legislators, governments and public administrators. The analysis is based on the comparison of Freedom of Information Acts (FOIAs) and their administrative/judicial enforcement in 14 EU member states and the EU institutions.

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  • 7-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 16,567kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 44: Sustainability of Civil Service Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe Five Years After EU Accession (2009, Arabic)

    This paper examines the fate of civil service reforms that Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries undertook to prepare themselves for the EU accession that took place in May 2004 (5th EU enlargement).

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 14,354kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 43: Organising the Central State Administration: Policies & Instruments (2007, Arabic)

    One of this paper’s main purposes is to provide bases for policy advice to policy‑makers on the drafting of legislation on the organisation and functioning of the state administration.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 14,628kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 34: Achieving High Quality in the Work of Supreme Audit Institutions (2004, Arabic)

    This paper focuses primarily on the issue of how to achieve high quality in the audit process. In addition to describing the types of procedures needed to achieve quality, however, it discusses basic principles and those matters of institutional management that create an environment that encourages high quality in an SAI’s work.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 11,881kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 38: Political Advisors and Civil Servants in European Countries (Rev1, 2007, Arabic)

    While defining appropriate roles for political advisers is a highly relevant topic in most democracies and especially in EU non member States, as well as candidate and CARDS countries today, surprisingly little comparative information exists.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 15,119kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 33: Relations between Supreme Audit Institutions and Parliament Committees (2002, Arabic)

    This Paper is drawn from a report on relations between Supreme Audit Institutions and parliamentary committees, prepared for the network of Presidents of the Supreme Audit Institutions of Central and Eastern Countries, Cyprus, Malta and the European Court of Auditors, as part of their efforts to prepare candidate countries for eventual membership of the European Union.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 5,303kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 27: European Principles for Public Administration (Rev 1, 1999, Arabic)

    This paper attempts to identify the standards to which EU candidate countries are expected to conform in order to align their public administrations with those of EU Member States. Originating from SIGMA’s work on public administration reform in central and eastern European countries, it describes an important part of the basis of the SIGMA methodology for assessing candidate countries’ public administration capacities.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 1,657kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 41: Public Procurement Review and Remedies Systems in the European Union (2007, Arabic)

    This study provides a comparative analysis of the public procurement review and remedies systems of Member States. Twenty-four separate overviews of public procurement systems in the 24 participating Member States were produced.

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  • 6-July-2011

    Arabic, PDF, 8,156kb

    SIGMA Paper No. 39: The Role of Ministries in the Policy System (2007, Arabic)

    This publication presents the steps in the policy process for assessing and developing the role of ministries in the policy process, as well as insights on how the policy process is currently organised in Western Balkan countries.

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