• 19-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 309kb

    Framework Agreements (Policy brief No. 19, September 2016, Albanian)

    SIGMA brief 19 aims to give guidance on several issues of framework agreements such as whether framework agreements are suitable for all purchasing, when and how a framework agreement must be advertised, what procedure is used for procuring a framework agreement, or what the duration of a framework agreement is.

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  • 19-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 266kb

    Concessions and Public-Private Partnerships (Policy brief No. 18, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief offers guidance on current EU rules on concessions and Public-Private Partnerships.

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  • 19-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 332kb

    E-Procurement (Policy brief No. 17, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief explains what is meant by e-procurement and aims to explain the rationale behind using e-procurement, presenting country examples and resulting improvements. It also provides an overview of the relevant rules of the EU Directives and different e-procurement tools such as e-auctions, e-catalogues or dynamic purchasing systems.

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  • 19-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 273kb

    Procurement by Utilities (Policy brief No. 16, September 2016, Albanian)

    The term “utilities” is commonly used to describe the organisations which deliver services – such as the provision of water, electricity, gas or transport – to a community as a whole, typically through fixed networks. The Utilities sectors are covered by separate and more flexible procurement rules in the European Union (Directive 2004/17/EC). This brief summarises these specific rules.

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  • 19-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 249kb

    Below Threshold Contracts (Policy brief No. 15, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief provides an overview of the approaches member states have adopted below the thresholds. It concludes with further information on the way in which the rules and principles of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, basic standards, and some provisions of the Directives may impact on the procurement of below threshold contracts.

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  • 18-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 311kb

    Incorporating Social Considerations into Procurement (Policy brief No. 14, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief offers guidance for Contracting Authorities on what can be considered as social considerations (e.g. reducing unemployment, preventing the use of child labour) and how these considerations can be incorporated into the procurement process in line with EU law.

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  • 18-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 299kb

    Incorporating Environmental Considerations into Procurement (Policy brief No. 13, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief offers guidance for Contracting Authorities on what can be considered as environmental considerations (e.g. increasing the energy efficiency of buildings, encouraging the development of alternative energy sources) and how these considerations can be incorporated into the procurement process in line with EU law.

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  • 18-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 271kb

    Remedies (Policy brief No. 12, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief gives an overview of different issues of remedies, such as right to claim remedies, bodies examining complaints and legal cases relating to procurement, available types of remedies, the so-called standstill period, ineffectiveness of concluded contracts, general principles to be observed by review bodies and contracting authorities.

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  • 18-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 285kb

    Procurement Tools (Policy brief No. 11, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief focuses on three specific modern types of procurement tools: framework agreements, electronic auctions and dynamic purchasing systems. EU Member States have the option of deciding whether or not to implement provisions permitting these procurement tools.

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  • 18-July-2017

    Albanian, PDF, 303kb

    Tender Evaluation and Contract Award (Policy brief No. 9, September 2016, Albanian)

    This brief presents the key principles governing the process of evaluation of tenders, the role and operation of an evaluation panel, the clarification process as well as the choice of the best tender on the basis of the lowest price and the choice of the best tender on the basis of the most economically advantageous tender criterion. The Brief also includes good practice notes and practical examples.

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